The full article is here-> http://www.daily-times.com/story/money/industries/oil-gas/2017/08/27/hedging-threat-and-venezuela-oil/580510001/
“How can Saudi Arabia and OPEC behind them strike a second blow against shale oil producers in the Southwest? The first was the 2014-2017 price and market share war in which they raised production to put the higher cost Americans out of business.
This was partially abandoned at Algiers in a reversal to opt for a higher price for crude oil from $26 to the high $40 range. The marketing tool is lowering their production by 1,800,000 barrels per day.
The second blow is process.
The Saudi Arabian Oil Ministry and its state company, Saudi Aramco, negotiated in London with Glencore (world’s largest trading combined with mining), banks and hedge funds to see if they could reduce the liquidity necessary for American oil and gas shale producers to hedge forward to obtain a higher price.
Without access at only financial transactions costs to the “strip” or the forward price of oil at at least 10 percent higher than current prices “spot,” WPX and all the Permian-Delaware significant producers would not have survived the recent downturn in their current form.
If there is no difference between the price oil today and September 2018, which is called the “contango,” this would be a problem of liquidity – no entity taking the other side against the oil and gas producer on a contract. No cash would be bet against the oil and gas producer who sells forward one year. One side, for example, sells 70 percent of 2018 oil production at June 2018 prices in the present while the other side buys or covers, as the counterpart, the contract.
Saudi Arabia correctly followed data which demonstrated that despite the decline in the price of oil from $100 in 2014 to a low of $26 per barrel, oil producers hedged against the fall and largely survived. Without hedging the producers would have negative cash flows and serious problems of debt to keep going.”
The full article is here-> http://www.daily-times.com/story/opinion/columnists/2016/10/29/fine-opec-oil-and-ours-who-wins/92440428/
This is an excerpt of the article ”
Has the oil price and market share war ended with a Saudi Arabian win? Or, as some fund managers and speculators argue, has Midland won? We are now in a trading range high of $50 per barrel for West Texas Intermediate.
Looking back two years, Wall Street, the oil and gas industry and its trade associations got it all wrong. I was a minority of one in New Mexico with my OPEC analysis of a low of $23 to $28 per barrel which was realized earlier this year. Once again there is triumphalism and hubris about winning the war against OPEC.
What is it all about? If OPEC agrees to freeze production at August output that would put OPEC between 32.5 and 33 million barrels per day. In 2013, OPEC was below 30 million. If they “freeze” it will be at 2.5 million more than early 2014 while our production had dropped almost 1.5 million.
In other words, OPEC oil expanded its market share and more significantly has displaced our oil here at home in the American market by nearly one million barrels per barrel. This is a double win for OPEC and Saudi Arabia: more of their oil imported into our market and fewer barrels of our oil produced, which is the loss of rigs and jobs and a painful downturn.
The Permian Basin and its Delaware Basin extension into New Mexico has become the new North Slope Alaska of the 1970s. It is there that drilling rigs and well completions will be re-activated next year. The “breakeven” price is lower because of geology and cost-cutting service contracts. The downturn contracts, however, will expire and non-Haliburton contractors will ask for more. Margins will tighten as costs increase. But North Dakota has leveled off and Eagle Ford is not the Permian.”
Today on HERE AND THERE: It’s clear now, it’s not just an oil price drop, but an oil price war, being waged by Saudi Arabia. Among the targets: the new generation of NM shale oil drillers that have made the United States at least temporarily energy-sufficient. Economist and energy expert Daniel Fine of the New Mexico Center for Energy Policy has a petroleum battlefield report. —> http://hereandtherewithdavemarash.libsyn.com/
Direct download: HereAndThere_04202015_Daniel_Fine.mp3